Prof. Emmanuel Lochin received his Ph.D from the LIP6 laboratory of Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris VI in December 2004 and the Habilitation Thesis (Habilitation à Diriger des Recheches) in October 2011 from Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse (INPT) (Thesis, Slides). From July 2005 to August 2007, he held a researcher position in the Networks and Pervasive Computing research program at National ICT Australia, Sydney. He joined ISAE in September 2007 as researcher and network security officer. He is member of TéSA laboratory and networking expert in the TeSA scientific committee.
His research interests are mainly related to transport protocols and congestion control.
Program Committee Membership :
- 21/09/2015 DTN routing for quasi-deterministic networks with application to LEO constellations has been accepted in International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking
- 06/07/2015 FLOWER - Fuzzy Lower-than-Best-Effort Transport Protocol has been accepted in IEEE LCN 2015
My research interests are mainly related to transport protocols and congestion control. See my publications for further details.
TETRYS enables a new reliability algorithm specifically useful when retransmission is either problematic or not possible. In case of multimedia or multicast communications and in the context of the Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN), the classical retransmission schemes can be counterproductive in terms of data transfer performance or not possible when the acknowledgment path is not always available. Indeed, over long delay links, packets retransmission has a meaning of cost and must be minimized. The purpose of Tetrys is to propose a novel reliability mechanism with an implicit acknowledgment strategy that could be used either within these new DTN proposals, for multimedia traffic or in the context of multicast transport protocols. This proposal is based on a new on-the-fly erasure coding concept specifically designed to operate efficient reliable transfer over bi-directional links. Tetrys allows to unify a full reliability with an error correction scheme. Tetrys is not sensitive to the loss of acknowledgments while ensuring a faster data availability to the application compared to other traditional acknowledgment schemes. See this paper for detail :
- On-the-Fly Coding for Time-Constrained Applications- In IEEE Transactions on Multimedia
More information available on the projetc website : TETRYS
FLOWER Fuzzy Lower-than-Best-Effort Transport Protocol
Among the different transport protocols providing a LBE service, Low Extra Delay Background Transport (LEDBAT) is the most used. LEDBAT is a delay-based congestion control protocol that has been standardized by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). LEDBAT aims to exploit the remaining capacity while limiting the queuing delay around a predefined target which may be set up to 100 ms according to RFC 6817. Consequently, LEDBAT flows limits the amount of queuing delay introduced in the network and thus lower their impact on best-effort flows such as TCP. Despite being a widely deployed protocol, the two main LEDBAT parameters (i.e., target and gain) have been revealed to be complex to determine as their tuning highly depends on the network conditions and not dynamically configurable. Indeed, LEDBAT may become more aggressive than TCP in case of misconfiguration.
Our protocol, FLOWER (Fuzzy LOWer-than-Best-EffoRt Transport Protocol), is a promising alternative of LEDBAT. With FLOWER, we aim to overcome the LEDBAT shortcomings while still fulfilling its goals. The principal difference with LEDBAT is that FLOWER replaces the linear P-type controller (proportional controller) of LEDBAT by a fuzzy controller to modulate the congestion window.
Recent theoretical works, investigating the possibility to dispense the Internet with end-to-end congestion control, demonstrate that this new paradigm seems to be sustainable for the Internet and would not lead to a congestion collapse. Unlike congestion-controlled networks that depend on end-hosts to achieve the max-min-fairness, over anarchical networks, the traffic assignment is network based. This allows to be robust to network attacks or misbehaving end-hosts. However, the price of this anarchy is that loss recovery should be done with an ideal erasure coding scheme.
In this context we propose DeCongestion Transport Protocol (DCTP), a transport protocol based on Tetrys erasure coding scheme to perform over anarchical networks. We evaluate this protocol over a realistic ISP topology and show that : 1) the efficiency of such networks remains close to TCP ; 2) they support small buffer size which is a key property for optical networks and 3) real-time flows can be supported while reducing the end-to end-delay in the case of small buffer size.
See our presentation here
Multipath Networking at Transport Layer
Conjointly with NICTA, we are exploring multipath transport protocols capabilities and in particular, we investigate possible enhancements in the CMT-SCTP protocol. This work is a part of the thesis of Golam Sarwar and a presentation of the expected thesis work is given in these slides.
DQN : DTN-routing over Quasi-Deterministic topology
This project proposes a novel DTN routing algorithm, called DQN, specifically designed for quasi-deterministic networks with an application to satellite constellations. A first study has demonstrated that DQN efficiently forwards the information over a satellite network derived from the Orbcomm topology while keeping a low replication overhead compare to all other well-known DTN routing schemes. This work has been done in the context of the PhD thesis of Rémi Diana. Check our publications for further details.
Projects and softwares
For other projects and softwares see check this page.
Some videos linked to my research activity
In-situ : CESARS, le satellite à la portée des PME by CNES
I am, with Guillaume Jourjon and Patrick Sénac, the recipient of the best paper award of the Multimedia Communications & Home Services Symposium of IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE ICC 2007) Glasgow, UK - 24-27 June, 2007
Mention spéciale du jury CFIP2009 à Pierre Ugo Tournoux, CNRS-LAAS et Université de Toulouse pour son article avec Amine Bouabdallah, Emmanuel Lochin et Jérôme Lacan. Tetrys : Un mécanisme de fiabilisation polyvalent
TC 1A : Langage C
TC INTR 3A : Architecture informatique et réseaux
Responsable des stages longs
Victor Alejandro Ramiro Cid, thèse en co-tutelle ISAE/NICTA, DTN monitoring
Si Quoc Viet Trang, thèse co-financée CNES/TAS, Approches LBE sur lien satellite
Gwilherm Baudic, thèse MENRT, Méthodologie d’émulation de réseaux DTN/DSN
Antoine Auger, thèse DGA, Mobile sensor web
Anais Finzi, thèse AIRBUS, AFDX virtual networks
Jonathan Detchart, thèse ISAE, Analyse et optimisation des protocoles de transport-codé pour les architectures de diffusion et de stockage
Bastien Tauran, thèse co-financée CNES/TAS, Sur l’intéraction entre protocoles de transport et fiabilisation MAC pour service mobile satellite
Guillaume Smith, Enabling Private Real-Time Applications by Exploiting the Links Between Erasure Coding and Secret Sharing Mechanisms,thèse en co-tutelle NICTA/TéSA, soutenue le 4 décembre 2014, Guillaume est maintenant chercheur au NICTA
Golam Sarwar, Analysis and Design of Multipath Transport Protocols, co-tutelle NICTA-ISAE, the 9th July 2014. Golam is Chief Security Engineer at Vysk Communications Inc
Nicolas Kuhn Intéractions inter-couches et liens à long délai : mécanismes de la couche liaison et performances de TCP thèse soutenue le 21 novembre 2013, après un post-doctorat à Telecom Bretagne, Nicolas est maintenant ingénieur au CNES
Rémi Diana, Routing based congestion control for DTN satellite topology - Routage à contrôle de congestion pour les réseaux DTNs thèse co-financée CNES/TéSA, soutenue le 6 décembre 2012, Rémi est ingénieur chez Amadeus SAS
Pierre-Ugo Tournoux, Protocoles de transports basés sur le Network Coding, thèse LAAS-ISAE, décembre 2010, Pierre-Ugo est maître de conférences à l’université de La Réunion depuis Septembre 2012
Dino Matin Lopez Pacheco post-doctorat ISAE Septembre 2008 à Aout 2009. Dino est maître de conférences à l’université de Nice depuis Septembre 2009
Guillaume Jourjon Towards a Versatile Transport Protocol, thèse de l’université du New South Wales (UNSW) et de l’Université de Toulouse, Janvier 2008. Guillaume est maintenant chercheur à NICTA